TK-931 Tips and Modification

TK-931 15 Pin Molex Connector Plug and Pins

If you are missing the 15 Pin Male Molex Plug that plugs into the rear of the TK-931 they can be ordered from Digikey for relatively cheap.

Molex Inc. TK-931 15 Pin Connector Datasheet
Molex Inc. TK-931 0.062" Male Pin Datasheet

Molex 15 Pin Plug is Digikey Part Number: WM1228-ND

Molex 15 Pin Plug Male Pins are Digikey Part Number: WM3680CT-ND

 

 

 

TK-931 Power Cable Connector and Pins

If you are trying to track down the Kenwood TK-931 power cable connectors and pins so you can make your own power cables you could have gotten them from East Coast Transistor or Pacific Coast Parts- they are no longer available. The power connectors on the TK-931 were manufactured by JST and they were a unique Kenwood connector.

The power cord plug is Kenwood part number E09-0273-05 and are SOLD OUT; meaning they can NO longer be purchased for $1.47 as of July 2013.

931 power connector




The power cord connector female pins that fit the above plug is Kenwood part number E23-0614-05 and can be purchased for $0.38 per pin as of March 2016. They can be purchased directly from East Coast Transistor or Pacific Coast Parts.

931 connector pins

 



TK-931 Squelch Circuit Modification

The squelch on the TK-931’s is a comparator circuit. This can be modified to have even better sensitivity by adding a 480K-Ohm resistor to R151 where it connects to pin 5 of IC105. After adding the resistor the squelch setpoint might need to be readjusted using the VR1 potentiometer. Adjusting the squelch circuit is performed by adjusting VR1 clockwise to raise the squelch threshold (this pot varies the reference voltage for the CPU so it will know when to turn on or off the squelch circuit). Make all adjustments in very small steps, and be sure to increase or decrease the squelch threshold on a frequency without tone squelch enabled. Once a small adjustment is made to VR1 the radio must be powered off and then back on again, this must be done every time an adjustment is made until there is no open squelch heard. The goal is to have the squelch pot set as low as possible without opening up.

TK-931 Squelch Mod1

TK-931 Squelch Mod 2

 

 

 

Convert a TK-931 Numeric Display 6 SYSTEM 4 Group Radio to a TK-931D 10 System 10 Group Alpha-numeric Radio

You will need the following Parts:

  1. TK-931D/HD Alpha-numeric Display- you can use a TK-930D/HD display as they are the EXACT same display as the TK-931D/HD
  2. Xicor X24C16P EEPROM, 8 Pin DIP, Xicor X24C16P EEPROM Datasheet
  3. KPG-5D Kenwood Programming Software
  4. Serial DB-9 KPG-4 Programming Cable OR a USB KPG-4 program cable as well as the program DOSBox to run KPG-5D.

The Conversion Process:

  1. To convert your TK-931 15 Watt, 24 Memory, Numeric Display only radio into a TK-931D 15 Watt Alpha-numeric Display Radio with 100 Memories is easy! You will need to dig up a Alpha-numeric display, these can be found for cheap by acquiring a used TK-930HD (800 MHz) or a dead TK-931HD. If you do find a TK-930HD or dead TK-931HD you can remove the 8-pin DIP Xicor X24C16P EEPROM from it and use that in the normal TK-931- otherwise you will have to source one from the many electronic parts companies off the internet such as Mouser or Digikey, etc..
  2. With the radio unpluged from your power source, remove your existing Numeric-only display from the front of the radio by removing the 2 screws on either side of the radio that hold the front panel in place to the body of the radio. Once the display is removed unplug CN2, the 16-pin cable attaching the display to the main body of the radio. Attach the Alpha-numeric display and plug in the 16-pin CN2 connector harness.
  3. Remove the top cover of the radio and towards the front right side of the radio is the large EPROM (NM27C256Q) and 93CS66EN EEPROM (93CS66EN Datasheet). Next to the 93CS66EN EEPROM is a empty 8-pin DIP slot, we are going to install our Xicor X24C16P EEPROM in that empty 8-pin DIP slot.

  1. Install the Xicor X24C16P 8-pin DIP in the empty slot as pictured, ensure pin 1 is positioned correctly and that none of the pins are bent or damaged when you insert the IC.

  1. Reinstall the top cover of the radio and power on the radio while holding down the "A" button to place the radio in program mode.
  2. Run KPG-5D and on the top menu select the radio you are going to program by going to "MODEL" and then selecting "TK-931 (D)/(HD)".
  3. Write a blank .f90 file to the TK-931 you have just converted, the program will state "Model Type Mismatch: Overwrite?" select Yes, and write the file to the radio.
  4. Congratulations! You now have a TK-931D 10 System/10 Group Alphanumeric display radio! This radio can now be programmed with Kenwood Burn.

 

 

 

TK-931 15 Pin Rear Molex Connector Pinouts

PIN 1- HOOK, Microphone Hook Signal In, On Hook->Grounded, Off Hook->Open

PIN 2- MIC GND, Microphone Ground

PIN 3- SPARE, Not Used

PIN 4- POWER SW, Power Switch control signal input, for remote control

PIN 5- MIC, Mic Signal Input- 600 Ohm, 5mV

PIN 6- GND, Ground (DC Ground and Speaker Out)

PIN 7- SB, Power Out after power switch, +13.8Vdc, 1 Amp Max

PIN 8- PTT, Grounded=PTT, Open=Receive

PIN 9- SP-IN, Input for Internal Speaker- Normally connected to pin 12 (SPKR Out)

PIN 10- HORN, Signal Output for Horn Relay Drive (max sink current 800mA)

PIN 11- PTT(EXT), External PTT Signal Output for remote control

PIN 12- SP-OUT, Speaker Output for external Speaker

PIN 13- HOOK(EXT), External Hook signal out for remote control (Normally Closed)

PIN 14- MRX, Serial Control signal in for remote control

PIN 15- MTX, Serial Control signal out for remote control